No Wizard Left Behind: The Failure of The Hogwarts Educational System

When it comes to the world of Harry Potter, no doubt many children think the idea of learning witchcraft and wizardry at Hogwarts seems wonderful. Unfortunately, the magical world of education in J.K. Rowling’s books is terribly broken.

As near as I can tell, if you grow up in the magical world (as opposed to be Muggle-born, for example), you do not go to school at all until the age of eleven. In fact, it’s entirely unclear to me how the children of the wizarding world learn to read and write. There is a reason Hermione seems much more intelligent than Ron Weasley. It’s because Ron is very likely completely uneducated.

And even at Hogwarts, while they learn about spells and potions, they completely neglect the fundamentals. They are made to write essays on the history of magic, but are never taught to write. They take Arithmancy, but never learn mathematics.

And then, to top it off, at the age of eighteen seventeen, they complete their education. Perhaps some go off to college and graduate school. But that seems unlikely due to the dim view they take of the Muggle world. More likely, they go off to work in such places as a governmental agency, entirely unaware of political theory. Or they write for a daily newspaper, without knowing anything about journalism.

Thanks, J.K. Rowling, it’s okay to have a subculture in England that provides only seven years of education, and then releases their children to the world, completely unprepared for critical thinking in any way. Because, don’t worry, they have flying broomsticks, and can cast spells that make cooking easier.

49 Responses to “No Wizard Left Behind: The Failure of The Hogwarts Educational System”

  1. WizardingWorld November 10, 2010 at 9:55 am Permalink

    Sorry to disappoint you, but it is mentioned in the books that the Weasley kids did attend school in their local town in the books (I believe it was Book 4). It stands to reason that other wizarding families would also send their children to public or private schools if they didn’t not home school the young wizards. Perhaps you should take another course in research?

  2. Samuel Arbesman November 10, 2010 at 10:13 am Permalink

    Great catch! Thanks so much for pointing this out. Unfortunately, an education in the fundamentals until age eleven does not make for the most rigorous of thinkers. There’s still quite a bit that Hogwarts neglects.

  3. David Wogan November 10, 2010 at 10:25 am Permalink

    I always wondered why they never learned calculus :(

  4. Zev November 10, 2010 at 10:50 am Permalink

    Interesting points you raise, Sam. My impression is that these conclusions are neither unwarranted nor unintended. Just as the Muggle world is confusing to the magical one, they are equally confused by us (think of Arthur Weasley messing around with Muggle inventions). There are trade-offs between their world and ours, and it is not entirely clear that they fair better. Calculus may well be one thing they miss out on. It doesn’t seem as if their health care system is as comprehensive as ours (if more effective). Being a wizard ain’t all it’s cracked up to be.

  5. Brian November 10, 2010 at 10:52 am Permalink

    I feel a little pity for the person who has to criticize a children’s magical fiction series regarding its adherence to educational policies.

  6. John November 10, 2010 at 10:55 am Permalink

    Not to go all fanboy here, but adults come of age at 17 in the Wizarding World, typically sometime before or during their 7th year at Hogwarts. This is picking nits, since you wrote “to top it off, they complete their education, at age of 18…” Many witches and wizards would presumably complete their educations much earlier than that. And Fred and George left school without taking their NEWTS to become entrepreneurs. Maybe their the exception that proves the rule?

  7. Michael Sterling November 10, 2010 at 10:57 am Permalink

    You should read Lev Grossman’s The Magicians. It’s an alternative take on the Magic School genre, in which only incredibly gifted teenagers, the kind who are at the top of the top math students, are accepted to the school for magic.

  8. Samuel Arbesman November 10, 2010 at 11:01 am Permalink

    @Zev Great point. I like the idea of tradeoffs for each world.

    @John You raise a good point. It could be even worse than I make it out to be :) And I fixed the age error. Thanks.

    @Brian Don’t worry; I love these books! It’s simply a fun thought exercise to explore the richness of Rowling’s world.

    @Michael Now that’s a premise I can get behind!

  9. WizardingWorld November 10, 2010 at 11:06 am Permalink

    In response to your comment: Very true. Hopefully Hogwarts would still focus on instilling critical thinking skills and Potions would teach at least the basics of Chemistry. ;)

  10. Naomi Siegel November 10, 2010 at 11:26 am Permalink

    I have to note that all those extra years of education that you think benefit Muggles haven’t done your readers a lot of good, as one confuses “fair” with “fare” and another uses “their” for “they’re.”One uses the construction “didn’t not.” You yourself, as one reader pointed out, carelessly thought that the age of majority was 18, not 17.

    The larger question is — can you tell the difference between fiction and reality? Or are you convinced that these are dispatches from an alternate reality and that discussing the lack of elementary and post-graduate is of use? I know that there are those literary theorists who find it useful to mull over the possibility that, say, Blanche DuBois was sexually abused as a child, or that Daisy Buchanan’s great-great-grandmother was a slave or Jewish. But since the authors of these works didn’t deem it important to their books to invent these background stories, for readers to quibble over details like this is simply navel-gazing and, in the final analysis, pointless and silly.

  11. HankScorpio November 10, 2010 at 11:29 am Permalink

    Nice point, Mr Arbesman. This used to be one of my “burning questions” for JK Rowling. I am not certain that “WizardingWorld” is accurate that the Weasley kids went to Muggle school before Hogwarts. If the Weasley kids (and by extension, all magical people) went to Muggle school, then magical people would not be so ignorant of the Muggle way of life, played for laughs by Mister Weasley’s fascination with Muggle artifacts. I believe Rowling was asked about this at a public appearance once. I think she said that children in the wizarding world are home-schooled before Hogwarts. Anyone who can dig up a quote to settle this, it’s be much appreciated.

  12. Zev November 10, 2010 at 11:47 am Permalink


    Mia culpa on the typo. 23 years of education has not completely purged those.

    WRT your more general comment regarding the ontological depth of fiction: An English professor once told me that he was flummoxed when his students didn’t understand that fiction was true. The literary project attempts to get at human truths by constructing a narrative that could well exist. One might argue that the degree to which the text resonates with the reader indicates a kind of subjective truth. As such, I don’t see a qualitative distinction between a feminist critique of Anna Karenina and a social critique of HP, aside from the gravity of the two works.

    HP might elicit this critique more easily than other novels, in fact. JKR, as it happens, constructed back (and future) stories for the whole world to an astonishing degree. Hence the ‘Dumbledore is gay’ remark. While I don’t care a whit for authorial intent, for those that do JKR has a lot of it that transcends the page.

    So navel gaze away (or naval gaze, if ships are more your thing)!

  13. Zev November 10, 2010 at 11:48 am Permalink

    *Mea culpa.

  14. Jacob November 10, 2010 at 12:00 pm Permalink

    I didn’t think there was much left to say about Harry Potter, but you’ve proven me wrong!

    I’d point out that most Muggle-only skills are irrelevant in the wizarding world. For example, why do we Muggles learn calculus? I’d argue it’s for two reasons: its use in the physical sciences; and its benefits as an intellectual exercise. But Muggle physical sciences are clearly wrong from a wizarding point of view; and based on the difficulties they cause Harry and Ron, Hogwart’s courses are as intellectually challenging as anything taught in Muggle high schools.

    You mention that wizards in government are unaware of political theory — but how many Muggle civil servants have a Masters of Public Policy? Most of them learn on the job, and we can presume that wizards do as well.

  15. Anonymous November 10, 2010 at 12:23 pm Permalink

    In the UK, primary school (years 1 to 6) begins at age 5 and ends at age 11. These are almost always a separate school from secondary school which goes from age 11 to age 18. Hogwarts is recognizably a secondary school to anyone who grew up in the UK, and as is common with such schools is also a boarding school. The first four years, when Harry and friends worked on their NEWTS, are recognizably matched to GCSEs. The last two years spent doing their OWLs parallel A-Levels. For British readers, it would be “understood” that there was a less interesting primary school time before Hogwarts. Higher education is referenced in the later books, but has an admittedly more vocational feel than the education in either the US or the UK.

    Context is key here and I see how it might seem confusing or hollow to a non-British reader.

  16. Cate November 10, 2010 at 1:08 pm Permalink

    Okay, so if we really want to delve full on into thinking about the Wizarding World, it should probably kept in mind that the Weasleys are the only people we see outside of Hogwarts on a regular basis. Also, the Weasleys are poor. Aside from the education they receive prior to Hogwarts, I’m assuming anything extra would be too costly. For all we know, other wizarding families that have more gold might send their kids to classes or private tutoring during the summer months. We don’t hear about it because this is all from Harry’s point of view.

    Hermione, of course, has a very advanced grasp on her education, both Muggle and Wizarding because she’s a very smart, very eager over-achiever with a great love for education. So, of course she’s going to shine brightly in her education.

    I don’t think you have to worry so much about their education, especially when it comes to comparing to Muggle education — or American, for that matter. After all, the work and jobs and occupations are also different in their world.

    They still learn how to use a telescope, how to read runes, how to weigh ingredients and use scales. They have to explore, understand and study theory. There’s probably a great deal of complex thought and math that goes into a lot of what they learn. It’s just simply different from muggles.

  17. brooke November 10, 2010 at 1:41 pm Permalink

    i thought this post was entertaining and fun… kind of silly that some readers seem to be taking offense to it.

  18. Jay November 10, 2010 at 6:07 pm Permalink

    Q: Where do wizarding children go to school before Hogwarts?

    JKR: They can either go to a Muggle primary school or they are educated at home. The Weasleys were taught by Mrs. Weasley.


  19. Phire November 10, 2010 at 6:55 pm Permalink

    I agree with the basic critique of this article. There are a lot of issues with the way the wizarding world is set up, not the least of which is how innovation must be stifled given how insular and traditional their thinking is. Even Hermione adopts the “it’s always been this way so deal with it” sort of mentality.

    However, I think part of the charm of the wizarding world, the way it is with Narnia, is the idea that there exists a place that (despite its own troubles and obstacles) is far removed from the mundanity of reality. I’ve read a lot of fanfiction that try to talk about life after Hogwarts. Hermione goes to university in the States, or Draco moves to France, or whatever, and they just don’t resonate. Not necessarily because the writing is bad or because the premise is implausible, but more because reality has no place in the Potterverse.

    If you want to talk about why the wizarding world is just inherently not functional, the lack of proper education is the least of your worries. What about the lack of Commerce? The lack of a job market? The lack of a system of food delivery other than subsistence farming? Where do the Malfoys, who presumably would NOT raise chickens the way the Weasleys do, buy their food? Why is it so ludicrous for Ron etc. to have never had orange juice? Why is their diet so uniform?

    But all of this isn’t really the point of the book, I guess. So while the wizards in the Potterverse would probably not survive if dropped into the middle of our reality, this particular critique just seems redundant.

  20. Luis November 10, 2010 at 7:00 pm Permalink

    You seem to be confusing schooling with education. I’m sure that wizards would be much more competent at educating their children than the British government would.

  21. fontgoddess November 10, 2010 at 7:36 pm Permalink

    So if y’all are into rational critique of Harry Potter, this is the story for you:

    It’s endorsed by David Brin [ ] and Eric S. Raymond [ ], if you think that rationalist Harry Potter fanfic can in no way be good.

    But mostly, in regards to this post and its line of thought, it’s worth reading to see what happens when western muggle education meets wizard magic. What happens when Harry Potter teaches Draco the scientific method? What happens when Harry sees McGonagall turn into a cat (in violation of several rules of physics and both human and feline cognitive limits)?

  22. Pman November 10, 2010 at 10:23 pm Permalink

    Maybe they just use a smartening spell. Duh.

  23. Dale November 11, 2010 at 6:21 pm Permalink

    One point that isn’t made is how small the wizarding population is. There are 5 boys in Harry dorm room, all the Griffindor bays of his age. This allows us to approximate the size of a Hogwarts class (say 1998) at 40 students, since most British wizards go to Hogwarts, we have maybe 50-60 wizards each year. Even with 100 year lfie spans, that is 5000-6000 wizards in Britain. Not a lot of room for specialization.

  24. fontgoddess November 11, 2010 at 7:15 pm Permalink

    My comment with links says it’s still awaiting moderation, but I want to say that if you’re interested in (loving, of course) critique of the Harry Potter world, you may be interested in the fanfic “Harry Potter and the Methods of Rationality.” This fiction really immerses itself in what happens when a kid with a good breadth of scientific knowledge meets the British wizarding world.

  25. Brendan November 12, 2010 at 8:45 am Permalink

    One of my problems with education in HP is when they closed Hogwarts no provision seemed to be made for students to get an education at any other school. And since it is illegal to practice magic without a certificate they were condemning a while generation of wizards to worthlessness

  26. dains November 12, 2010 at 11:22 am Permalink

    it’s okay to have a subculture in England that provides only seven years of education, and then releases their children to the world, completely unprepared for critical thinking in any way.

    Hey it works for America. Only we take 14 years to provide the 7 years of education. Can't rush these things, y'know!

  27. Korbl November 12, 2010 at 10:51 pm Permalink

    It is explicitly stated at one point that children are largely educated at home before 11, and can, in fact, be educated at home after that age, a wizarding school isn’t compulsory. (Most of this is mentioned in book 6 or 7) I would assume that they get their fundamentals at home, and that, if nothing else, studying magic has an inherent influence on one’s critical thinking and logic skills, in much the same way as one can learn such things naturally (as I did, I’d say that with the exception of specific topics, the Wizarding education is superior to the CA public school education). I’m sure that Arithmancy teaches higher level maths to facilitate it’s primary subject, perhaps as it’s primary focus in the first year one can take it, Potions and DADA likely teach some logic and critical thinking skills, as well as the skill of following instructions rigourously and thinking outside the box, respectively. Care and Handling of Magical Beasts might have some basic biology and animal husbandry instruction.

    It bothered me for a while that there was never mention of mundane study, but it can likely be assumed that certain things get added into the curriculum. Also, after graduation at Hogwarts, many students, explicitly, go on to internships to learn other skills, such as Journalism or how to be, essentially, law enforcement. The education model of the Wizarding World is much more akin to what existed prior to Public Education’s advent, it would seem.

  28. NeoM November 14, 2010 at 1:22 am Permalink

    um nice point and all but

    it dont have to make sence its not real
    stop thinking it is
    its an escape from reality thats what it was meant for

  29. RHJunior November 14, 2010 at 9:43 pm Permalink

    On the other hand, they live in a magical society, where most of the education (private, government, homeschooled or otherwise) of a muggle would be.. um, well, useless. Or even worse than useless, downright harmful— for example, consider that they routinely violate laws of physics that a Muggle takes as adamantine. Conservation of mass and energy, the square-cubed law, Newton’s laws of motion, gravity…. what you would consider a solid education in physics, they would have to spend years UNlearning as self-evidently FALSE. To say nothing of biology, botany, history— even something as placid as Geometry would require a whole reeducation, as according to canon there are huge swathes of territory all over the planet that are magically unmappable. Wizards are, in essence, privy to the REAL nature of the universe, tweak it to their own purposes on a regular basis, and would (correctly) regard any Muggle diploma as a well-rounded and in-depth education in utter gibberish.

    Of course, there’s the mundane practicality that if you strip away most of the useless flotsam and jetsam of a modern so-called education, you end up with something that could be crammed into a seven year course or less. The educational level of a college senior of today is barely up to that of a high school senior of 100 years ago…. if you didn’t waste time on ivy league navel gazing drivel, a 4 year course could probably be crammed into 1 with little trouble.

  30. chriskalani November 17, 2010 at 10:19 pm Permalink

    Maybe part of their powers is to automatically know all the basic fundamentals of life. Or maybe their parent’s home schooled them. Or maybe they learned online. Or maybe they took a crash course before we tuned in. No one really knows.

  31. David Wogan November 18, 2010 at 6:45 pm Permalink

    It’s always bothered me that Harry receives all of the adulation for his battles against Voldemort when it is really Hermione who is running the show. If it weren’t for her, Ron and Harry would have been toast a long time ago. I chalk it up to her being far more educated than Ron or Harry. Did we ever learn the extent of her muggle education? I imagine that there must have been some basic biology or math in her upbringing, which would explain her excellent problem solving skills. Just imagine how much better she could be by learning calculus and the Taylor Series!

    But then again, maybe none of this matters in the magical world, which is sort of strange.

  32. Jennifer November 19, 2010 at 2:59 pm Permalink

    “…entirely unaware of political theory”

    No offense but you sound like someone who has never worked outside of academia — am I correct? Also, I agree with Luis’s comment — You do seem to be confusing schooling with education.

  33. ajnyc November 19, 2010 at 4:31 pm Permalink

    The problem here is that you seem to be grading the Hogwarts Educational System on a Muggle rating system of success or failure.

    The only way to judge the success or failure of Hogwarts is to evaluate whether or not it meets the needs of its population and prepares them for a successful life and career. Hogwarts very clearly does this.

    Every single wizard or witch in England has a place at Hogwarts… the Charter school of the magic world if you may… regardless of their financial situation or family background. No one is LEFT BEHIND. Equal access to quality education! Score one for Hogwarts!

    They have a vibrant curriculum, complete with arts, music, animal care, culinary arts, sports, defense training, philosophy, history, law, astronomy, etc. They even have Muggle studies! The depth and breath of the subjects taught is comparable to a Muggle University level program. Way better than any Human High School. Score two for Hogwarts!

    Also, expecting the content of the curriculum in the Magic World to contain plain boring Human subjects is “Riddikulus”. They have no use of our subjects and therefore it would be a waste of time. Their skills, abilities, and understanding of the universe, is already far superior to ours. They don’t need to know how to engineer a car. Their broom can take them where ever they need to go. I’m sure they have a class on the aerodynamics of brooms and ways to make it go faster!

    And here’s my rebuttal to other points in your article.

    Hermione isn’t smarter than Ron because of their difference in education. She’s smarter because she works harder, is ambitious and an over-achiever, probably has a higher I.Q and better genes (her parents are doctors), and you know… actually reads a book or two. Plus, Hermione is a stand-in for JKR herself and was therefore an exceptional student and know-it-all.

    All the Weasley kids were home-schooled. Except for Ron, the rest of them, especially Ginny, did very well in school and scored top NEWTs and OWLs. The twins were running a business and doing VERY well for themselves at a very early age.

    It’s supposed to be understood that writing, reading, and basic math skills are acquired via home schooling or some alternate primary education prior to their arrival at Hogwarts. Hogwarts = High School. JKR never claimed that there was nothing before or after. In fact she’s stated the exact opposite in the books and in interviews.

    At seventeen, they complete their SCHOOL education. They then definitely go on to train and get internships and have successful careers in diverse fascinating professions. The varied careers of the adults in this world are a clear indication of that. They aren’t just sitting at home casting spells.

    It is the very success of the education system that ensures that each and every student can “Fly a Broomstick”, “Cast a Spell” to cook up a meal, and “Protect and Defend” their world against dark forces.

    And as the final Epilogue showed, they then pass on their vibrant traditions, extensive knowledge, and exceptional skills to the next generation! A grand success according to me!

  34. Joe G November 21, 2010 at 6:50 pm Permalink

    I think it’s pretty clear from the books that wizards inhabit a different reality. They are taught the skills at school that they need to function in their world. They have alternatives to everything we have, hence you wouldn’t have wizards becoming physicists or doctors in our sense (they ridicule the very idea of stitches at one point). As more and more wizards and witches come from muggle families, you see the diluting of purely magical way of life, which is the entire conflict in the book, isn’t it?

    At the same time I think it’s equally clear that one of the greatest deficiencies of the wizarding world is their ignorance of muggle ways. Inbreeding aside, one imagines that a combination of wizard skills and muggle skills would be very beneficial since some of the most useful items in the story are enchanted muggle items. Dumbledore is a brilliant magician not only because he works hard and is preternaturally gifted–he’s also exceptionally learned in muggle ways as well. He’s clever and inventive in a practical sense as well as a magical sense. In The Tales of Beedle the Bard, he references Alexander Pope. Hermione similarly is clever because she has had to solve problems without waving a magic wand.

    I think magic is a science in Harry Potter. It’s a subversion of natural law the way we understand it, an alternative natural law. Magical physics/math/etc. have their own rules, and those are the rules the kids learn.

    One thing I was never able to square is how the kids seem to not know much about the muggle world, yet they go to school with kids from muggle families. You’d think they were awfully sheltered growing up… and sometimes characters like Ron express evident familiarity with muggle fashion and the like (in book seven he references Y-fronts!). I think it was wise of the movies to dispense with this joke, because it’s nonsensical on its face. They wear muggle clothing all the time. They have radios. You’re trying to tell me they never see cars or televisions? They never see planes? They just hole up in the house until they get sent to Hogwarts?

    Oh, and last, I think things like learning vocabulary and spelling and math and chemistry and the like are implicit in their lessons. That’s probably part of what makes them so difficult!

  35. Sue D'Nem November 23, 2010 at 12:29 am Permalink

    But every wizard child in England does NOT have a spot at Hogwarts. The students who are admitted are SELECTED based on their potential. There are numerous examples in the books of adult wizards who did not go to Hogwarts and still have a place in magical society (the dudes who run the night bus come to mind).

    Hogwarts is not a fictional equivalent of a PUBLIC school system. It is an elite school that hand selects students to attend. Yes, those chosen are given equal access to the education they receive, but not ALL children from wizarding families are accepted into Hogwarts. (Remember Neville being afraid he wouldn’t get in?)

    If Hogwarts provided a free and all inclusive education for all British wizards (similar to American public schools), no muggles would ever be recruited because the entire nature of the school would change. Rather than providing a standardized, rigorous instruction for the hand-selected students, remediation would be necessary for those who lack the basic skills needed to perform at the expected level. There would be students who, previously not admitted into the school who would not want to be there in the first place. How would the presence of uninterested and unmotivated students impact the school environment?

    Hogwarts is an ideal educational setting: hand selected, highly motivated, talented, capable students eager to learn. Contrast that to the norm in American public schools. Should we “reform” our educational system to be more like Hogwarts? How much of an uproar would there be if education ceased to be a “right” for all and became a privilege for an elite few? And who would be in charge of determining who was worthy of getting an education?

    Nope. Hogwarts has small class sizes because it is an exclusive school for an elite few. It is nothing like a public school system and comparing it to such is absurd.

  36. Charlotte November 23, 2010 at 12:12 pm Permalink

    I think that is what J.K wanted you to think. That they are completely unprepared and have no sense of politics or journalism. Otherwise, the government would probabaly be much less focused on money and bribery and actually work well. This would also mean that many deatheaters would actually be in prison and that would make things harder, as who would slip the diary into Ginny’s cauldron. The Police force would probably be better equipt and Voldemort would have a harder time gaining power. Also NEWTs are the equivilent of A-levels and you don’t need them to do some jobs so they are not compulsory, OWLs are compulsory though. Children are probably taught reading at home, like we do in the real world as some kids are able to read at least something before they go to school. Same with maths. Also with the Pure-blood families that are rich, they would probably be like the medievil rich families. They were taught to read and write as soon as they could speak and were taught politics and manners as soon as they could understand, ready for when they are older.

  37. Nicole December 18, 2010 at 11:53 am Permalink

    Wizards and witches are home schooled from an early age the basics that we would in primary school. They don’t really need to know much of what we do because they are entering a different world to ours. The careers require the skills taught at hogwarts not high schools in real world. Plus we only saw the Hogwarts side, for all we know there are universities and colleges in the wizarding world that teach you thinks like politics and journalism. Plus there is muggle studies that not only teach them about muggles but teach what you would need to know if you were to live in the muggle world.

  38. jeg28 January 2, 2011 at 11:57 pm Permalink

    @WizardingWorld: JKR has stated in interviews that the Weasley kids were taught at home, actually, but this article brings up a great point. Where are the lessons on great books, trig and (Muggle) world history that students are typically taught in high school?

    We are not seeing this from the perspective of the Wizarding World. These students won’t be entering the Muggle world that expects these lessons. They instead expect the mastering of the basics in Charms, Transfiguration, etc. It’s a different world, so different standards are required.

  39. T April 13, 2011 at 9:02 pm Permalink

    I think that the only reason vocational classes were not shown or written about in the books is because it mainly followed harry, who wanted to become an Auror, of which all of the classes he took in the books were for that ultimate goal. It is possible that these vocational classes do exist in Hogwarts, but were never relevant to appear in the books because of their unimportance to the main story and/or characters. Just a thought.

  40. Anonymous November 13, 2011 at 1:50 pm Permalink

    The original comment seems to set the stage for an educational debate than a Harry Potter debate. The OP comments operates by the assumption that an education in strictly English, math, and science breeds critical thinkers. With an influx of critical thinkers, the secondary assumption would be we have an influx of skilled laborers entering the work force. I think it is obvious our economy does not reflect your logic our point of view.

    The fact of the matter is Hogwarts is a vocational school. To cast some muggle research into the matter, even Harvard school of education would contest the lack of vocational/technical skills building is a failing of our education system. The problem with a Harry Potter books is their fan base stems from Librral Arts minded people with a limited value on vocational training. I doubt you will see welders complaining about the educational constructs of Harry Potter, probably because they all have jobs and are too busy at work.

    Maybe Muggles are lesser creatures. We are so hell bent on teaching ALL children skills they will never use, we neglect the skills they need to operated as contributing members to our society (and economy).

    If you’re interested in Harvard research –


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    […] posted a great little piece on “Christian Films” last week. And then there’s the No Wizard Left Behind issue that many of us are thinking about this week. Share this: Tags: Andrew Sullivan, Christian […]